Memory & Mental Health

Memory is the process in which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved. Encoding allows information from the outside world to be sensed in the form of chemical and physical stimuli. In the first stage the information must be changed so that it may be put into the encoding process. Storage is the second memory stage or process. This entails that information is maintained over short periods of time. Finally the third process is the retrieval of information that has been stored. Such information must be located and returned to the consciousness. Some retrieval attempts may be effortless due to the type of information, and other attempts to remember stored information may be more demanding for various reasons.

Mental health is a level of psychological well-being, or an absence of a mental disorder; it is the "psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment". From the perspective of positive psychology or holism, mental health may include an individual's ability to enjoy life, and create a balance between life activities and efforts to achieve psychological resilience. According to World Health Organization (WHO) mental health includes "subjective well-being, perceived self-efficacy, autonomy, competence, intergenerational dependence, and self-actualization of one's intellectual and emotional potential, among others."

- Wikipedia

Tai Chi training might promote emotional stability and slow gray matter atrophy in seniors

Posted in Memory & Mental Health

PsyPost - By ERIC W. DOLAN September 14, 2019

Tai Chi training might promote emotional stability and slow gray matter atrophy in seniors

Older-man-doing-tai-chi-by-Doug-Hay-702x459.jpg

Long-term Tai Chi practitioners tend to have better emotional stability and more gray matter in important brain structures, according to new research that examined people who were between 60 and 70 years old. The study was published in Frontiers in Psychology.

“Adverse structural changes in the brain, especially the atrophy of gray matter, are inevitable in aging,” said study author Zhiyuan Liu, an associate professor at Shaanxi Normal University in China.

“Tai Chi is a popular exercise for older adults in China which combines Chinese martial arts and meditative movements with a kind of yogic relaxation through deep breathing. Compared with other exercises that contain a meditation element, Tai Chi is generally recognized as a safe and low-cost complementary therapy.”

The researchers used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to compare the brain structure of 31 long-term Tai Chi practitioners to 31 participants who were matched in age, gender, and physical activity level. Those in the Tai Chi group had been practicing Tai Chi for about 10 years on average.

The Tai Chi group scored higher on tests of mindfulness and emotional stability compared to the control group. Tai Chi group also had larger gray matter volume in the two important brain regions, the left thalamus and the left hippocampus.

For the full article please click here.

Tai Chi Increases Grey Matter Volume in Older Adults

Posted in Memory & Mental Health

NHS Networks - Tai Chi & Chi-kung for rehabilitation

Tai Chi Increases Grey Matter Volume in Older Adults: A Brain Imaging Study.

The aim of this study is to investigate and compare how 12-weeks of Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin exercise can modulate brain structure and memory function in older adults. Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI) and memory function measurements (Wechsler Memory Scale-Chinese revised, WMS-CR)were applied at both the beginning and end of the study. Results showed that both Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin could significantly increase grey matter volume (GMV) in the insula, medial temporal lobe (MTL), and putamen after 12-weeks of exercise. No significant differences were observed in grey matter volume (GMV) between the Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin groups. We also found that compared to healthy controls, Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin significantly improved visual reproduction subscores on the WMS-CR. Baduanjin also improved mental control, recognition, touch and comprehension memory subscores of the WMS-CR compared to the control group. Memory quotient (MQ)and visual reproduction subscores were both associated with GMV increases in the putamen and hippocampus. Our results demonstrate the potential of Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin exercise for the prevention of memory deficits in older adults.

Tai Chi Is a Biological Treatment for Depression

Posted in Memory & Mental Health

Tai Chi & Chi-kung for rehabilitation, NHS Networks

“Mind-body medicine” is frequently used to describe the balancing effects between mind and body of nonpharmacological behavioral interventions applied to stress-related psychiatric disorders—including MDD. Recent studies find powerful biological changes associated with mind-body interventions comparable to those associated with conventional antidepressants or psychotherapies.

Tai Chi and Stress Relief

Posted in Memory & Mental Health

NHS Networks

We live in an age where stress is everywhere and a part of everything. Tai chi is a great way to relieve some of the build up, which is necessary to maintain, healthy, sanity and wellness.